Why is called Teen-ager? Teen-aged person.

Did you know that they are called teenagers because their age number ends with “teen”? A teenager, or teen, is a young person whose age falls within the range from 13–19. A Tweener a child between the ages of about 10 and 14.

The Origin of Teenager

The earlier word for this was teener, attested in American English from 1894, and the teen had been used as a noun to mean “teen-aged person” in 1818, though this was not common before 20c.

The Origin of Tweenager

The word ‘tween‘ is often used to describe an age group of children that are in between being a child and a teenager. A young human being that is not yet technically a teenager (being less than thirteen years old), but starting to act like one—generally eight to twelve years old. These kids are often in middle school and are quickly approaching puberty and all the challenges that come with adolescence.

More words for young people

Adolescent (Latin. Adolescentia): A young person or a “pubescent” in the process of developing from a child into an adult.

  • Tween. Tweenie. A child between the ages of about 10 and 14.
  • Flapper in the 20s: a fashionable young woman intent on enjoying herself and flouting conventional standards of behaviour.
  • Hipster in the 40s: A person who follows the latest trends and fashions, especially those regarded as being outside the cultural mainstream.
  • Teeny-bopper in the 60s: A young teenager, typically a girl, who keenly follows the latest fashions in clothes and pop music.
  • Gamer in the 70s: A person who plays video games or participates in role-playing games.
  • Valley girl in the 80s: A fashionable and affluent teenage girl from the San Fernando valley in southern California.
  • Mall rat in the 80s: A young person who frequents shopping malls, usually for social purposes.
  • Yuppie in the late 80s: A fashionable young middle-class person with a well-paid job.

Other interesting words

  • Snot-nosed kid: A person that lacks experience or is ignorant of any real world knowledge. An insult, typically used to imply that a person is young and stupid, and arrogant.
  • Gutter snipes: young kids that run around the streets causing trouble.


Adjective. To profess ignorance while actually being in the know. Not candid or sincere, typically by pretending that one knows less about something than one really does.

Pronunciation: [ˌdɪsɪnˈdʒɛnjuəs]


Dishonestdeceitfulunderhandunderhandedduplicitousdouble-dealingtwo-faced, dissembling, insincerefalselyinguntruthful, and mendacious.

Examples online:

Okay, let me explain this in layman’s terms.

To put something in layman’s terms is to describe a complex or technical issue using words and terms that the average individual (someone without professional training in the subject area) can understand, so that they may comprehend the issue to some degree.

The origin of the Term Layman

“A person who does not belong to a particular profession or who is not expert in some field.” ‘Amateur’ ‘Secular’. It also has a somewhat less commonly known meaning of “a person who is not a member of the clergy”, which is its original definition. Layman derived from the two existing words “lay” (from the Old French “lai”, meaning “secular”) and “man”, hence the “non-cleric” meaning.

One of the Laity

If you are a member of a religious group, but you are not an ordained minister or priest, then you are a member of the laity. Sometimes members of the laity will play a role in the church service, for example, doing one of the readings or running a youth group.

  • people of a church who are not ordained clergy or clerics.
  • the common man or woman
  • the unlearned, untrained or ignorant as in “The Layman’s Guide to Basket Weaving”

Online Examples:


Mayhem: The Chaos.

Mayhem originally was just a legal term, but nowadays it also means a state or situation of great confusion, disorder, trouble or destruction; chaos. It could mean a messy cupboard, a fight, an unorganized situation. “The violent doing of a bodily hurt to another person,” from Anglo-French maihem (13c.), from Old French mahaigne “injury, wrong, a hurt, harm, damage;” related to mahaignier “to injure, wound, mutilate, cripple” (see maim). 

Under the law of England and Wales

Mayhem is a common law criminal offence consisting of the intentional maiming of another person. Under the law of England and Wales and other common law jurisdictions, it originally consisted of the intentional and wanton removal of a body part that would handicap a person’s ability to defend themselves in combat. Under the strict common law definition, initially, this required damage to an eye or a limb, while cutting off an ear or a nose was deemed not sufficiently disabling. Later the meaning of the crime expanded to encompass any mutilation, disfigurement, or crippling act done using any instrument.

How to use “mayhem” in a sentence?

  • During the busy holiday season, most of the stores seem to be in a constant state of mayhem.
  • The playground was filled with mayhem as fifty students jumped and climbed all over the equipment.
  • Usually, there’s a method to this kind of mayhem.
  • Their books seem so full of murder, mayhem, violence.
  • People were running and trampling, and it was mayhem.
  • Soldiers unable to control the mayhem have shot dead some troublemakers.

Examples: Brexit,

Examples: Market,

A family is the “bedrock” of society. Bedrock?

Bedrock ‘piedra angular in Spanish’ is the hard layer of rock beneath looser rocks and soil. … For example, you might say that fairness and freedom is the bedrock of a good government.

The bedrock of something is the principles, ideas, or facts on which it is based. Focus on the most important aspects of a particular situation. In construction, bedrock is the solid rock beneath the soil layer that is best to build a foundation on. Skyscrapers are best built on pillars that rest on bedrock. So, by analogy, a bedrock principle is one that forms the basis for others.

‘Let’s get down to bedrock’ so that everyone has a good grasp on the project overall before we split up to do our separate parts.

  • How best to promote transparency, the bedrock otrust and confidence.
  • Together, they form the bedrock of international human rights law.
  • Some people believe that the family is the bedrock of society.
  • Mutual trust is the bedrock of a relationship.
  • Honesty is the bedrock of any healthy relationship.

“Let’s get down to brass tacks” and “dead as a doornail”

In the literature on English phrases, two “metal idioms” have attracted special attention: dead as a doornail and to get (come) down to brass tacks. Fig. to begin to talk about important things; to get down to business. Brass tacks mean (1) the essentials, or (2) the basic facts, so to get down to brass tacks is to focus on the essentials. Also, get down to bedrock or the nitty gritty or cases.

‘*Let’s get down to brass tacks’ so that everyone has a good grasp on the project overall before we split up to do our separate parts.

“When you come down to ‘brass tacks’ – if we may be allowed the expression – everybody is governed by selfishness.” from the USA in January 1863, was in the Texas newspaper The Tri-Weekly Telegraph

What is a doornail?

Doornails are very large nails that, in early times, were used to strengthen doors. Workers hit the nails into doors and the sharp end came out the other side. The worker then flattened the sharp metal with a hammer to make each nail secure.


There are two theories about why doornails were called “dead.” One says that, after they were repeatedly hit, the nails became unusable for any other purpose. Another says that the force and number of times these nails were hit “killed” them, making them “dead.”

How to use “Avail” correctly?

Avail ‘to be of use or value to; profit; advantage; efficacy; effective use in the achievement of a goal or objective’

Avail has three meanings: (1) to make use of; (2) to be of use; and (3) benefit or advantage. Avail could be taken as a synonym of help.

Avail as a Verb

  • Intransitive Verb: to be of use or advantage: SERVE
  • Transitive Verb: to produce or result in as a benefit or advantage: GAIN

Synonyms: Verb > Advantage, benefit, help, profit, serve…

GSIS prods borrowers to avail themselves of housing condonation … THE Government Service Insurance System (GSIS) is continuing to encourage Filipinos to avail themselves of its newest housing account …

Some Apple Watch users experiencing bricked devices after updating …Restarting the Apple Watch and paired iPhone doesn’t seem to fix the issue and some users have been waiting several hours to no avail.

Avail as a noun appears in phrases such as to little avail, of little avail, to no avail and of no avail meaning without success or with little success. Advantage toward attainment of a goal or purpose: USE

Synonyms: Noun > Account, mileage, service, use, utility…

No compensation for Google data breaches The tort of misuse of private information was of no avail to the claimants here because the whole question of compensation was covered by the …

‘Who rules you?’  “It will be of little avail to the people, that the laws are made by men of their own choice, if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be …

Trump: Today Is Constitution Day & Citizenship Day Our constitutional system will be “of little avail to the people,” Madison said, when the law “is little known, and less fixed.” In my Inaugural …

Dud: Not working or meeting standards; faulty.

A dud is a device, person or enterprise that fails to work properly, and or proves to be a failure or worthless.

Origin of the term

The term dates back to the 1300s when the word dudde referred to a cloak (cape) or mantle of coarse (rough) cloth. Over time, it came to refer to shabby clothing meaning worn-out or ragged clothing. It is a cognate (‘related word’) of duds (i.e., “clothing”) and dowdy (‘frumpy, not stylish’). The sense of inferiority (ragged ‘wearing rags’) denotes something that fails to function.

A dud bomb

Eventually dud became a general pejorative for something useless. For instance, a dud bomb is an ammunition round or explosive that fails to fire or detonate.

Milk Duds

Milk Duds are a caramel candy, covered with a confectionery coating made from cocoa and vegetable oil. According to the manufacturer, the word “Milk” in the name refers to a large amount of milk in the product; the use of “dud” came about because the original aim of having a perfectly spherical piece was found to be impossible.

Which one: i.e or e.g?

For me, knowing when to use i.e vs e.g does not come naturally! It requires some effort to remember the rules. Do not worry, many people have only a vague understanding of e.g. and i.e.

i.e = id est = that is

Use i.e before clarifying or adding to the previous statement.

“I am a vegan, i.e., I do not eat any animal-based products”

  • Place a comma before and after “i.e.” This will help the abbreviation stand out and let the reader know you are providing additional information after “i.e.”
  • Do not italicize or bold it. The abbreviation “i.e.” does not need to be formatted differently than the rest of the document or paper.
  • Lowercase it and use periods. The abbreviation “i.e.” should always appear with a lowercase “i” and a lowercase “e” in a sentence, with a period between both letters.

e.g = exampli gratia = for example = such as

Use e.g before listing examples of the previous statement.

“There are many different flavours of ice cream, e.g., chocolate, vanilla, strawberry.”

  •  e.g. is usually used in the middle of a sentence and never found at the very end.
  • When you use e.g. in a sentence both the letters e and g should be lowercase.

Instructive writing

Instructive writing is written or spoken directions for carrying out a procedure or performing a task.

Use Imperative Mood

Instructions are usually written using the imperative verb. The imperative is formed by using the verb (the ‘action’ or ‘doing’ word) but without ‘to’ or any noun or pronoun in front of it. For example, ‘You need to mix the ingredients’ > ‘Mix the ingredients’. This type of instructions, used mostly in manuals, warning or recipes, does not say WHO has to follow the instructions. Imperative instructions are often written as a numbered or bullet list. Using linking words help to create a sequence. For instance: Firstly, Secondly, Then, Finally.

“Good instructions are unambiguous, understandable, complete, consistent, and efficient.”

Use of Modals to turn an order into a request

Modal auxiliary verbs can make orders and instructions sound more polite. For instance, ‘Could you do this?’ rather than ‘Do it’. Note that you should also include the second-person point of view: you, your, and yours and ‘let’s’ or ‘please’ if you want to sound more polite.  In addition, the imperative should include the verb, but with ‘to’. For instance: Remember to, Be careful not to, Try to, Try not to, You need to, It’s important to, It helps to, Be sure to, Always, Never.

We use have to / must / should + infinitive to talk about obligation, things that are necessary to do, or to give advice about things that are a good idea to do.

  • must for more personal opinions about what it is necessary to do. (Formal writing)
  • have to for what somebody in authority has said it is necessary to do. (Speaking)
  • mustn’t: you do not have a choice.
  • have not to: you have a choice.

Use an introductory phrase to soften the order in English

  • Would you mind possibly… (+ ing) (Most indirect)
  • Would you mind possibly moving your car? It’s parked right in front of mine.
  • I was hoping you could … (+ infinitive without to)
  • I was hoping you could spare me a few minutes this morning.
  • Do you think you could … (+ infinitive without to)
  • Do you think you could do this photocopying for me?
  • If you have a couple of minutes spare…
  • If you have a couple of minutes spare, the office needs tidying up.
  • I’d like you to…
  • I’d like you to file this correspondence for me.
  • I want you to…
  • I want you to finish this by tomorrow.

Content Structure.

Remember to include at least one of the below. If you are giving instructions is because you know what has to be done or avoid.

  1. What is necessary. ‘You have to’ ‘You must’ ‘ You should’ ‘You need to’
  2. What is wrong. ‘You mustn’t’ ‘You should’t’
  3. What is not necessary. ‘You (don’t) need to…’